Cyber Security

jupitadas625 

What Is Cyber Security
Cyber security can be defined as the responsibility to defend computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from unknown attackers. In this advanced world, it has importance in all the sectors and can be applied in variety of contexts.

Types Of Cyber Security

Though it doesn’t include any particular type, still it can be categorised into few common types which are described below:-

  1. Network Security: It protects computer networks from intuders, outside bugs and opportunistic malware.
  2. Application Security: It protects software and devices from targeted attackers to avoid accessibility for them which maintain the privacy and security of the application.
  3. Information Security: It basically protect data which is being stored or transferred and maintain the privacy.

Importance Of Cyber Security

With the passage of time, the world is also progressing in technology which is being used in every sectors. Digital technology is one of the major part of it. We can see the glimpse of digital technology everywhere. But the digital technology which proves to be very helpful for the people may also make the people suffer due to misuse of it. We can’t even imagine how terrible its effects can be. Cyber attackers, scammers misuse it for their own benefit, putting money, property and even life at stake. The global cyber threat continues to evolves at a rapid pace with a rising number of data breaches each year. In 2019, data breaches exposed a shocking of 7.9 billion records of that year only, which is more than double of the number of records exposed in the same period in 2018.

Types Of Cyber Threats

  1. Cyber crime: This include single or groups of attackers targeting systems for financial gain or other kind of misdeed.
  2. Cyber attack: It refers to the gathering of politically motivated information.
  3. Cyber terrorism: It includes undermining electronic systems to cause panic or fear.

Few Cyber Threats

  1. Malware: It is designed to disrupt or damage a legitimate user’s computer.
    Spyware: It is designed to secretly records what a user does.
  2. Ransomware: It locks down a user’s files and data.
  3. Adware: It is an advertising software which can be used to spread malware.
  4. SQL injection: It takes control of and steal data from a database.
  5. Man-in-the-middle attack: It is a type of cyber attack where a cybercriminal interupts communication between two individuals in order to steal data.
  6. Denial of service attack: Cyber criminal prevents a system from fulfilling legitimate requests by blocking the networks and servers with trafic.
    Dridex malware, romance scam, emotet malware are also some of the recent cyber threats.

Prevention

As these threats are evolving day by day at a rapid rate, individuals can take some steps to prevent them.

  1. Individual should update their software and operating systems.
  2. It is always recommended to use good quality antivirus software.
  3. Always use strong passwords.
  4. Avoid opening email attachment from unknown senders.
  5. Avoid using unsecure wifi networks in public places

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2 thoughts on “Cyber Security

  1. Sekret-Natury

    Excellent write-up

  2. Sprawdź teraz

    Excellent write-up

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